A Phone That Answers When Called: [David Millrod] invented and patented a phone that can be answered with a verbal command. A user can shout, "Answer phone!" from across the room, and the phone will open the line and play a message telling the caller to hold on until the user can pick up the call.
Study: Internet Use in U.S. Homes Routine: The Internet has become a staple source of information for American households about health care, government services and potential purchases, a survey to be issued on Monday finds. About 60 percent of 2,000 people surveyed in the Pew Internet and American Life Project study said they used the Web regularly. Two-thirds of those had been online for three or more years.
2002: Telecom's Trying Year: For the telecommunications industry, 2002 was a year in which convoluted (and in some cases criminal) accounting practices were exposed, slack demand continued to buffet growth and a flurry of mergers and bankruptcies staved off outright closures for some big-name players.
Attack Of The Killer Web Robots: They swarm the Internet harvesting e-mail addresses and free accounts to spawn hoards of junk messages. They lurk in chat rooms waiting to sting unsuspecting surfers with gambling sites, get-rich-quick schemes and pornography. But these automated computer programs - known as Web robots - have what may be a fatal flaw: For all their ability to seem otherwise, they're not human. So researchers at Carnegie Mellon University are designing software that can serve as an online gatekeeper. If you can't prove you're human, you won't get in.
Worst of 2002: in terms of potential impact on our lives, the Worst of 2002 award goes to TIA, the Total Information Awareness program, spawned by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Information Awareness Office. TIA is exploring the feasibility of developing a national surveillance system intended to identify potential terrorists and criminals through "data mining" of the public and private electronic records of every citizen.
William Gibson: “El futuro ya no existe”: DN: ¿Cuál prevé que va a ser la evolución de la Red y su impacto social en los próximos cinco, diez años? WG: Bruce Sterling dijo -y creo que en cuestiones de futurología, una cita de Bruce Sterling de hace diez años vale más que una de William Gibson de este mismo mes- “y que pasa si esto no sirve en realidad para nada, si no tiene ninguna aplicación real en términos de negocio?” Eso seria lo mejor que puede pasar, porque entonces volvería a las manos de los artistas locos y los obsesos, y seria mucho más interesante y divertido. Quizás lo que vimos con la explosión de la burbuja punto com fue exactamente eso. Que la Red no funciona como modelo de negocio, pero todavía estará allí y evolucionará hacia lo que mejor podamos hacer con ello como sociedad. Con la excepción de Ebay, en términos de negocio no hay nada en la Red que me sirva para nada, mas allá de su función como paginas amarillas globales superrápidas. Siempre pienso en Ebay como una de las cosas más interesantes que han pasado en la Web, aunque quizás es porque me gustan los mercadillos.
Deadline Passes for European Digital Copyright Law: A deadline for adopting a new EU law on copyright protection has passed with just two member countries signing up, dealing a blow to media and software companies beset by unauthorized duplication of their works across the Internet.
2003, l'année des "jeunes loups" du multimédia: L'année 2003 s'annonce comme celle des grands changements pour les cinq premiers groupes multimédias de la planète, tant au point de vue des équipes dirigeantes que des évolutions technologiques. "C'était déjà dans l'air cette année avec les changements intervenus chez Bertelsmann, AOL Time Warner et Vivendi Universal mais ce n'était rien en comparaison de ce qui se prépare", commente Stephen Unger, associé du cabinet de recrutement Heidrick & Struggles.
Many Tools of Big Brother Are Up and Running: In the Pentagon research effort to detect terrorism by electronically monitoring the civilian population, the most remarkable detail may be this: Most of the pieces of the system are already in place. Because of the inroads the Internet and other digital network technologies have made into everyday life over the last decade, it is increasingly possible to amass Big Brother-like surveillance powers through Little Brother means. The basic components include everyday digital technologies like e-mail, online shopping and travel booking, A.T.M. systems, cellphone networks, electronic toll-collection systems and credit-card payment terminals.
Bush Administration to Propose System for Monitoring InternetThe Bush administration is planning to propose requiring Internet service providers to help build a centralized system to enable broad monitoring of the Internet and, potentially, surveillance of its users. The proposal is part of a final version of a report, "The National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace," set for release early next year, according to several people who have been briefed on the report.
E-Mails About Staff Could Be Big Trouble for Bosses: Bosses who send unencrypted private e-mails about workers to other managers could expose themselves to damaging lawsuits because their correspondence is not legally private. This is the position adopted by many information-technology legal experts and lawyers in the wake of a furore over an intercepted e-mail between two Independent Newspapers managers.
Profits at last: Some firms are finding that there is money to be made online, after all eMarketer, a research firm, says that this year American consumers paid $1.2 billion for various Internet content (excluding gambling and pornography). This is barely one-quarter of what websites raised by selling advertising space. But the online ad market is struggling. Data from the Online Publishers Association (OPA), a trade group, show that Internet content revenues are doubling each year.
Vodafone Takes First 3G Step with J-Phone Launch: Japan's J-Phone Corp on Friday became the first Vodafone Group Plc unit to start a commercial third-generation (3G) mobile phone service, bringing Europe's largest wireless operator fresh growth potential. Although 3G isn't expected to ring up huge revenues for Vodaphone in the short term, the launch is seen as an indicator of things to come, analysts said.
AOL May Strike Gold with Instant Messaging Patent: Media giant AOL Time Warner has quietly won a U.S. patent for instant messaging, a potential goldmine as the online activity rivals mobile phone text-messaging as the most popular new communication tool. The patent, issued in September, grants AOL's instant messaging subsidiary ICQ broad ownership rights to the technology, which enables users to chat quickly and cheaply across the Internet.
Ex-IT worker charged with sabotage: A former system administrator for UBS PaineWebber was arraigned in a New Jersey federal court Tuesday on charges of sabotaging two-thirds of the company's computer systems in an attempt to crash its stock price.
IE accounts for 95% of browsers: OneStat.com found IE 6 global usage has increased with 5.3 per cent from 52.3 per cent to 57.6 per cent since its last study. The global usage share of Netscape 7 has increased with 0.1 per cent from 0.5 to 0.6 per cent over the same time. Mozilla's global usage share is 1.1 per cent and Opera 6 has a global usage of 0.8 per cent. But could these results underestimate the popularity of alternative browsers?
ElcomSoft verdict: Not guilty: A jury on Tuesday found a Russian software company not guilty of criminal copyright charges for producing a program that can crack antipiracy protections on electronic books. The case against ElcomSoft is considered a crucial test of the criminal provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), a controversial law designed to extend copyright protections into the digital age.
The web bites back: Protesters are turning the tables on government officials and businessmen who they say are making the web less pleasant to use. The web activists have found the personal details of the man behind a federal surveillance system and an e-mail spammer and are giving them a dose of their own medicine.
Microsoft's top 10 challenges for 2003 10. Make Xbox profitable. 09. Watch the business model. 08. Prepare to battle the consumer electronics companies. 07. Keep pushing on the wireless front. 06. Bring trustworthiness to existing customers. 05. Improve the built-in experience. 04. Issue a Media Center road map. 03. Bring Media Center into the standard OS. 02. Simplify! Microsoft Windows and the applications that run atop it are, as a group, way too difficult to use. 01. Revive Office.
Piracy is Progressive Taxation, and Other Thoughts on the Evolution of Online Distribution: The continuing controversy over online file sharing sparks me to offer a few thoughts as an author and publisher. To be sure, I write and publish neither movies nor music, but books. But I think that some of the lessons of my experience still apply.
Do-It-Yourself DVD Commentary: Last February, in a column for the magazine Yahoo Internet Life, Roger Ebert proposed the creation of do-it-yourself audio tracks: DIY DVD commentaries. Complaining that official commentaries are all ''inside jobs,'' Ebert urged film fans to record their own thoughts as MP3 files, which could then be traded over the Internet. Users would download these files, sync them up to the original film and listen as they watch.
Tech's answer to Big Brother: Why is everyone so surprised that the U.S. government wants to create a Total Information Awareness database with details about everything you do? This is an unsurprising result of having so much information about our lives archived on the computers of our credit card companies, our banks, our health insurance companies and government agencies.
Strong players: The video-games industry is booming, but how long will the good times last? It has had a bumper year, maybe the best it ever will. Global sales of games software and hardware will exceed $31 billion this year, says Informa Media, a research firm. This summer, UBS Warburg invested 17% of its model technology portfolio in two games publishers, Electronic Arts and Activision. Gaming, it seems, is recession-proof. [...] Just as Microsoft's understanding of computer networking could give it the edge over Sony in online-console gaming, Nokia's wireless expertise could prove a crucial advantage as mobile gaming evolves. If online and mobile gaming do take off, Microsoft and Nokia are well placed to ride the industry's next wave.
Economy Hits Growth of Overseas Phone Calls: After a decade of explosive growth, the volume of international telephone calls increased at the slowest pace on record last year as tough economic times helped put the squeeze on dialing overseas. Consumers and businesses worldwide spent 144 billion minutes - or a combined total of 274,000 years - on calls abroad in 2001. That was just an 8.5% jump over 2000, a year in which call volume grew a record 23%. And it was well below the 14% annual average growth rate since records were first compiled in 1984, according to a new report by Washington-based research firm TeleGeography Inc. [...] E-mails, especially as a replacement for faxes, have taken a bit of a bite out of international calling, but Beckert maintains that the loss is not significant. [...] To help with cost cuts, telecoms also are turning more to an Internet technology known as Voice over Internet Protocol, or VoIP, to carry voice calls. VoIP allows telecoms to push phone traffic in Internet fashion to get around the high fees that other companies charge for completing calls. VoIP transfers, which occur without callers even knowing it is happening, accounted for 9.9 billion minutes last year, 71% higher than the previous year. Adding that to the total, though, would increase overall growth to only 10%, TeleGeography said.
Google searches out an e-tail niche: With holiday spending in full gear, Google is testing a new service that uses the company's search engine to help shoppers find products online. Dubbed Froogle, the new service lets people search by category or by simply typing a product type into the search window. The search results are provided using Google's spider technology, which scours merchant Web sites for relevant product data.
Survey: DSL growth hits record high: The survey found that there are now about 30 million DSL users globally. That figure doesn't include high-speed Web surfing done via cable modems, which in general cost about $10 less a month in the United States than DSL service does.
Human or Computer? Take This Test As chief scientist of the Internet portal Yahoo, Dr. Udi Manber had a profound problem: how to differentiate human intelligence from that of a machine. His concern was more than academic. Rogue computer programs masquerading as teenagers were infiltrating Yahoo chat rooms, collecting personal information or posting links to Web sites promoting company products. Spam companies were creating havoc by writing programs that swiftly registered for hundreds of free Yahoo e-mail accounts then used them for bulk mailings. "What we needed," said Dr. Manber, "was a simple way of telling a human user from a computer program."
Month with a Mac: Can the Mac replace my PC? There are certain perennial debates amongst the technical community, constantly revisited with differing outcomes for each person. Linux vs. Windows, KDE vs. Gnome, Mac vs. PC - they are unwinnable arguments, and although the outcome varies overtime with each successive release or new piece of hardware, they consistently gain our attention. When presented with the opportunity to borrow a Macintosh for a little over a month, I jumped at the chance to resolve one of these debates for myself. The question was: Can the Mac replace my PC?
Analyst Slams Shares of Video Game Producers: Despite record sales of video games, a leading Wall Street analyst Monday downgraded the stock of four major publishers and sent shares across the industry lower. Citing a possible slowdown in industry growth next year, UBS Warburg analyst Michael Wallace lowered his recommendations on Calabasas Hills-based THQ Inc., Santa Monica-based Activision Inc. and Midway Games Inc. from "strong buy" to "hold." The new rating is two grades below his earlier designation. Wallace also downgraded Acclaim Entertainment Inc. to "reduce" from "hold."
META Predicts Microsoft Will Offer Linux Software: In a major strategy shift, Microsoft Corp. will introduce software based on the Linux open source operating system in 2004 for Web services and server software, market researcher META Group predicted on Monday.
We'll All Be Under Surveillance: Computers Will Say What We Are "For more than 200 years, our liberties have been protected primarily by practical barriers rather than constitutional barriers to government abuse. Because of the sheer size of the nation and its population, the government could not practically abuse a great number of citizens at any given time. In the last decade, however, these practical barriers have fallen to technology."
Whatever happened to...? A look at high-tech promises, kept and broken: 1 Kim Schmitz: Please, not again 2 Microsoft's smart phones 3 Sony Bank: Brand power 4 Powerline: Unplugged 5 Tiny Manx's big 3G claim 6 Inflight Internet: Unfortunate timing 7 Online phoning: Don't hang up yet 8 Recycling for dollars 9 BT reinvents Al Gore's claim 10 Incredible shrinking machines 11 AOL taking over the world? 12 EasyEverything: not easy to run
Washington's inventing a broadband crisis: Why doesn't everyone in the United States have a high-speed Internet connection at home? The most obvious answer--that broadband connections remain unavailable - is not the correct one. The truth is that at least three-quarters of American homes have cable modems or DSL service available to them. The real answer is that most people still choose not to subscribe. They feel that $40 or $50 a month is too high for the benefits they receive, and they're happy to sip bandwidth through a straw or forgo Internet access at home completely. This brings us to Washington's political class, which doesn't care much for the choices that Americans have made. Politicians have been busy for the last few years concocting new tax-and-spend schemes that would funnel billions of dollars into subsidizing high-speed connections. So far, none of these dubious proposals has become law, but that could change when the new Congress convenes in January.
But in the end, they're still nothing more than video games: People have worse entertainment addictions than playing computer games. If I am going to be addicted to something, I would choose online gaming over drugs, bowling, gambling, television, or being a baseball fanatic easily. I don’t have to wear ugly shoes, lose my hard earned money or do the wave next to someone I don’t know and that just about makes it a no-brainer for me. It IS after all just a video game, like Neal describes in his great novel, Snow Crash. It is just another amusement park. "Amusement parks in the Metaverse can be fantastic, offering a wide selection of interactive three-dimensional movies. But in the end, they're still nothing more than video games."
Karl Auerbach: ICANN "Out of Control": It's religious dogma, says Karl Auerbach, a public representative to ICANN's board. There's no reason DNS shouldn't be decentralized, except that ICANN wants to maintain central control over this critical function. Worse, Auerbach said in a telephone interview with O'Reilly Network, ICANN uses its domain name dispute resolution process to expand the rights of trademark holders, routinely taking away domains from people with legitimate rights to them, only to reward them to multinational corporations with similar names.
Spam doesn't kill appetite for e-mail among U.S. workers, according to a new study on e-mail use in the workplace. A full 52 percent of respondents surveyed in a Pew Internet & American Life Project study reported receiving no spam in their work in-boxes. Another 19 percent said spam accounted for less than 10 percent of the mail they received. The "Email at Work" survey, scheduled for release Monday, polled 1,003 Americans who use e-mail at work. The study found, among other things, that the average worker spends about a half hour each day handling e-mail and sends or receives a total of about 15 e-mails.
Dial 'T' for Television: Phone companies have a new way to fight cable: TV by DSL. France Telecom will start "broadcasting" a pay-TV service over its telephone network by the end of the year--pouring 200 channels through those old-fashioned phone lines that were supposed to be supplanted by cable and satellite. It's one of dozens of telecommunications companies running trials or selling broadcast and video-on-demand services delivered via phone lines. Major IPTV Rollouts Still On Hold (IPTV is the term describing television and video services that are delivered to television receivers using IP, Internet Protocol): while major telcos still have IPTV rollouts on hold, signs are emerging that IPTV may become a significant entertainment distribution platform in the second half of the decade. Asia-Pacific and Europe are expected to be the leading regional markets.
Do navigation systems distract? Drivers who use video navigation systems insist they do not distract them and want to be able to use them in more ways while on the move, says a new study by consultant J.D. Power and Associates. The drivers' opinion is opposite that of federal safety officials, who believe it is "ill-advised" to make navigation systems easier for drivers to use while moving.
E-mail warning for workers: Office workers are being warned to be careful about the information they put in "out of office" e-mail messages. According to the technology industry body the Corporate IT Forum, some of its 120 members have reported that criminals are buying up lists of e-mail addresses to find out details of holiday absences.
Newspaper Web visitors go to Monster to job search: In 60 of 64 metro markets surveyed during the first nine months of this year, those who regularly visit newspaper Web sites are more inclined to go to Monster than to the employment section of the daily newspaper sites they visit regularly, the report says.
Price Is Limiting Demand for Broadband: Only about 15 percent of American households currently subscribe to broadband service — or fast Internet access — despite the fact that 70 percent of households have the technical option of doing so. And analysts do not expect the majority of homes to have broadband access anytime for at least five years.
Brussels calls for more competition in the broadband internet market: The Brussels authorities are eager to initiate legal proceedings against several Member States, including Germany, Spain and the UK, if the market for broadband internet services is not opened to competition. The level of new operators' access to EU lines, which currently stands at 0.5 per cent is depriving consumers of more choice, which in turn especially affects the broadband market. The national incumbents still have a high proportion; around 90 per cent of the local calls from fixed lines market.
CD, DVD: menaces sur la copie privée: Graver ses propres compilations à partir de ses CD, extraire son morceau favori d'un disque pour l'écouter sur son ordinateur ou encore dupliquer un DVD pour en disposer à la fois chez soi et dans sa maison de campagne : autant de pratiques très répandues, et parfaitement légales, que le gouvernement s'apprête à proscrire de fait.
Video game college is 'boot camp' for designers: DigiPen is the only accredited school offering a four-year degree in making video games, and it's fast becoming the Harvard among joystick-clenching students fresh out of high school. No wonder: Even while the economy struggles, the video game industry has become one of the fastest-growing forms of media entertainment: - Video game sales exceeded the movie industry's annual box office draw last year by $1 billion. - The current video game hit, Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, sold more than 1.4 million copies at an average $48 apiece in its first three days. That $70 million windfall easily puts it in the ranks of a blockbuster movie. - The popularity of NFL video games has given longtime TV football announcer John Madden celebrity status among teens and young adults. - Designers can make $50,000 a year right out of college and twice as much if they are part of a team that produces a hit video game.
Fun With Google's APIs: Building Web Service Applications With the Google API (Prerequisites: Developers need to be familiar with Java, and will need an Internet connection to access the Google service. An understanding of Web Services is not required to use the API.)
Internet Hate-Speech Ban Called 'Chilling': Council of Europe's Internet restrictions raise uneasy questions about civil rights online If European countries find unacceptable material on an American-based Web site, they cannot expect American courts to block access to the material because it would be protected here by the First Amendment, says Paula Bruening, staff counsel for the Center for Democracy & Technology. "As disturbing as this kind of speech is, it is protected by the First Amendment," Bruening says. "Our vision of the Internet is a free exchange of ideas, but Europe takes a different approach. What we're seeing here is a cultural clash."
Does Free Linux Have Hidden Costs? IDC study says Windows is cheaper than Linux for common business tasks. [04.12.02] IDC study shows Windows servers cheaper than Linux: Microsoft Corp. , fearful of being undercut in the market for server software by free offerings based on Linux, Monday released the results of a sponsored study that concludes Windows 2000 is generally cheaper for businesses to run and support.
España, a la cola de la UE en cuento a hogars conectaos a Internet: El país de la UE con mayor penetración de Internet es Holanda, con el 65,5 por ciento de sus hogares conectados a la Red, ligeramente por delante de Dinamarca (64,5 por ciento), Suecia (64,2 por ciento), Luxemburgo (55 por ciento) y Finlandia (53,7 por ciento). El resto de países tienen menos de la mitad de sus hogares con Internet, caso de Austria, con el 49,1%, Irlanda (47,9%), Reino Unido (45,0%), Alemania (43,7 por ciento), Bélgica (35,5 por ciento), Italia (35,4 por ciento), Portugal (30,8 por ciento) y España (29,5 por ciento). El país con menor desarrollo de Internet en sus hogares es Grecia, donde sólo el 9,2 por ciento de las casas tiene acceso a la Red
Cell Phones and Driving a Lethal Mix, Study Says: The devices are linked to 2,600 annual fatalities, up from 1,000 two years ago Harvard study finds cost of cell phone accidents equals benefit of calls on the road: Researchers say increased cell phone use has led to more crashes caused by drivers on the phone, but the value people place on being able to call from the road roughly equals the accidents' cost.
The $19,450 Phone: ''Sometimes even I slip up and call it a phone,'' says Frank Nuovo, 41, a founder of Vertu and its creative director, after he greets me in the client suite. ''Yes, in its core functionality, it is a phone. But once you understand the experience, you'll see that it is - well, obviously, an instrument.''
Microsoft Antitrust Case in Europe Takes New Turn: A top European Commission official has left to join Microsoft, just weeks before he was due to give his opinion on the European antitrust lawsuit against the company. [...] The official, Detlef Eckert, is taking three years' unpaid leave from his senior post in the information society directorate within the European Commission to work for Microsoft. His duties at the commission included overseeing competition rulings, although he did not work in the antitrust division itself.
Que futuro para o sector das telecomunicações em Portugal? [resumo do estudo]
E-mail virus insults its victims: Known as Winevar, the computer worm arrives in e-mail as an attachment that infects Windows PCs when opened and displays a dialog box pronouncing, "What a foolish thing you have done!" Despite the playful tone however, the virus is no joke.
PCs shape up as masters of disguise: This week, Via Technologies released a new version of its Mini-ITX motherboard. Because of its comparatively small size, the Mini-ITX - a circuit board complete with the processor and many of the other components necessary to build a PC - is altering what desktops look like.
State control of the internet in China: Foreign companies, including Websense and Sun Microsystems, Cisco Systems, Nortel Networks, Microsoft, have reportedly provided important technology which helps the Chinese authorities censor the Internet. Nortel Networks along with some other international firms are reported to be providing China with the technology which will help it shift from filtering content at the international gateway level to filtering content of individual computers, in homes, Internet cafes, universities and businesses.
Looking back at 1992's look forward: Predicting the future is easy; sticking around to see the outcome of your predictions is hard. Ten years ago, I consulted several Silicon Valley experts and came up with ``Scenes from 2002,'' showing how technology would change our lives in a decade. Published in the Mercury News on Oct. 25, 1992, my scenario blended hope and hype. Now that 2002 is almost past, I've decided to revisit my crystal-ball gazing and rate myself against the real world.
A Computing Pioneer of the 1970's Joins Hewlett-Packard: Alan Kay, a personal computing innovator who was a leader of Xerox's pioneering Palo Alto Research Center in the 1970's, has joined Hewlett-Packard as a senior researcher.
Home is where the computer is: Computers are playing a more central role in the home, with more and more people citing them as the most important electronic device in their household. A Harris Interactive study backed by Microsoft and Dell Computer found that 50 percent of respondents said the computer was more important than any other digital device they own, including CD players, cell phones and DVD players. The 2002 International Digital Lifestyle study polled 1,500 people in the United States and Europe who own a computer and at least one other digital device--a prime target market for many consumer electronics makers. The study did not ask people about their television use, however.
Bill Gates au secours du Futuroscope? L'idée est de dédier un pavillon entier du parc aux jeux vidéo, mais pas n'importe lesquels : ceux de la nouvelle génération, avec des consoles connectables sur Internet, permettant de jouer avec des partenaires du monde entier.
Who rules the (web) world? Microsoft and AOL Leading the Top 10 Parent Companies, both Microsoft and AOL Time Warner attracted more than 92.6m unique visitors, during the month of October 2002. Yahoo! drew 79.8m unique visitors, while visitors to the United States Government websites totaled more than 38.3m visitors. Google garnered nearly 37.7m unique visitors, placing fifth overall. Following those big names in the top five come Spanish web group Terra Lycos (37.0m), About-Primedia (34.5m), RealNetworks (34.4m), Amazon (34.0m) and eBay (32.5m)
Internet Damage From 9/11 Said Minor: The Internet performed well under the strain of the Sept. 11 attacks, but more planning is needed to ensure another disaster doesn't cause greater disruption, according to a National Academy of Sciences report
10 Rules for Taming the E-mail Monster: Organize e-mails into context groups. Quickly eliminate what doesn't matter. Read it once, but right away. Keep it short. Avoid e-mail multipliers. Use e-mail as a filing system. Return e-mail you should not have received. Use as appropriate medium. Keep assistants in the loop. Use the telephone.
Agency Weighed, but Discarded, Plan Reconfiguring the Internet: The Pentagon research agency that is exploring how to create a vast database of electronic transactions and analyze them for potential terrorist activity considered but rejected another surveillance idea: tagging Internet data with unique personal markers to make anonymous use of some parts of the Internet impossible.
Software aims to put your life on a disk: Engineers are working on software to load every photo you take, every letter you write - in fact your every memory and experience - into a surrogate brain that never forgets anything, New Scientist can reveal It is part of a curious venture dubbed the MyLifeBits project, in which engineers at Microsoft's Media Presence lab in San Francisco are aiming to build multimedia databases that chronicle people's life events and make them searchable. "Imagine being able to run a Google-like search on your life," says Gordon Bell, one of the developers.
Some Web Sites Are Posting a 'Keep Out' Sign to Law Enforcement: Hundreds of Web sites offering pirated movies, games and other goodies have adopted a curious line of defense: a start-up page that tells law enforcement agents they're not allowed to look inside. With a few words changed here or there, the same "disclaimer" is popping up on Internet sites hawking items ranging from replicas of designer sunglasses to instructions for stealing satellite TV signals. It orders all police, government agents and anti-piracy officials to leave the site immediately - and no peeking on the way out!
Teléfono para sordos y mucho más: Un teléfono para sordos y un arpa a rayos láser. Estas son algunas de las novedades presentadas por inventores venezolanos en "Eureka", el 51º Salón Mundial de la Innovación y Nuevas Tecnologías, que acaba de concluir en Bruselas.
Study details technology's role in boosting productivity: The widespread adoption of technology has made American workers more productive and some businesses larger and more dominant, even during the recent recession, than they otherwise would have been. That's the conclusion of a detailed study of the role technology has played in transforming the economy since the 1990s. Written by consulting firm McKinsey & Co., the report finds that technology by itself is not ``a silver bullet'' for all industries.
Tech to hit bottom in 2002 (IDC): Research firm IDC said that the worldwide information technology industry will suffer its largest decline ever in 2002, shrinking by 2.3 percent. The company released the numbers Wednesday as part of its Worldwide Information Technology and Communications Spending Forecast. The report comes the same day as a Bush aide told Comdex Fall 2002 attendees that the tech sector won't recover as quickly as the overall economy.
Future of Wi-Fi: Fast, Fast, Fast Wireless networking is evolving. But while new versions of Wi-Fi offer plenty of additional speed, each has trade-offs. Wi-Fi joins broadband access debate: Souped-up Wi-Fi networks have elbowed into the debate over how to spread broadband Web access to small cities and rural areas, a debate that until recently focused solely on cable modems and digital subscriber lines.
Enhancing Computer Security: A Tech Sector That's Set to Soar: While overall IT spending is likely to slide next year, companies plan to buy plenty of security products - especially from the market's top names Microsoft to Limit 'Critical' Security Warnings
Virtual Keyboards Approach Reality: Three competing companies—VKB of Jerusalem, Israel, Canesta of San Jose, CA, and Virtual Devices of Pittsburgh, PA—are selling products that use lasers to project an image of a full-sized QWERTY keyboard on a flat surface. Optical sensors then track the user’s finger movements and translate them into keystrokes on a screen. The owner of a mobile gadgets equipped with such a keyboard could prop it up on a seatback tray or a briefcase and type away, eschewing a full laptop or a collapsible keyboard.
Deloitte & Touche Fast 500: They are the companies that rally behind innovation. They break down obstacles. And systematically defy the odds. We salute their efforts with the Deloitte & Touche Technology Fast 500 program. Making the Fast 500 list is a quantum achievement. Those chosen must outperform other companies represented by Deloitte & Touche’s 22 regional U.S. and Canadian Fast 50 programs, nominations submitted directly to the Technology Fast 500, and public company database research.
Death by Spam: The e-mail you know and love is about to vanish. One-third of the 30 billion e-mails sent worldwide each day are spam. That's 10 billion daily pitches for herbal Viagra, Nigerian scams, and genital-enlarging creams piling up in our inboxes. Neither legislation nor litigation against spammers has stemmed the tide, and they're not going to have much of an effect in the future, either. It's time to give up: Despite the best efforts of legislators, lawyers, and computer programmers, spam has won. Spam is killing e-mail. Seething over Spam: New tools and legislation can help - but nothing can stop it all
Mob behavior being altered by technology: Protesters like those in Seattle have managed to use technology effectively in part because it is still largely unregulated. Under the Bush administration, efforts are under way to monitor and control electronic communications under the banner of national security. By the same token, the entertainment industry wants to shut down sharing of music, movies and other digital content. With banks, corporations and government institutions increasingly pressuring clients to move financial transactions and communications online, each American will soon have a unique around-the-clock digital footprint to monitor or trace. Smart or not, mobs have succeeded mostly because of their suddenness and impromptu nature. No student of movements would argue that mobs are always a good thing, either. The mentality cuts both ways.
Turning up the heat on Web privacy:When Microsoft introduced version 6 of its Internet Explorer browser last year, many Webmasters were puzzled to find that their cookies were being blocked in increasing numbers. The culprit was IE's default implementation of the Platform for Privacy Preferences (P3P), and for that, the irate Webmasters had Lorrie Cranor to thank.
The nonsense of 'knowledge management': The conclusion is reached that 'knowledge management' is an umbrella term for a variety of organizational activities, none of which are concerned with the management of knowledge. Those activities that are not concerned with the management of information are concerned with the management of work practices, in the expectation that changes in such areas as communication practice will enable information sharing. [19.11.02] Journal of Knowledge Management
Microsoft makes 85% margin on Windows system: Microsoft has revealed for the first time that it has made profit margins of 85 per cent on its Windows system while its remaining businesses made losses, raising questions about the benefits of the group's costly efforts at diversification. The client division, which markets Windows, generated operating profits last quarter of $2.48bn (£1.57bn) on revenues of $2.89bn, implying margins of 85 per cent. [...] Among Microsoft's other businesses, the home and entertainment division, which includes the Xbox games console, lost $177m in the quarter on revenues of $505m. Salomon Smith Barney estimates the company loses about $120 on each console it sells. MSN, the internet service provider and portal, lost $97m, down from losses of $199m in the same quarter last year, on revenues up from $431m to $531m. [História original:] Microsoft SEC filing shows hideous losses except for Windows
ISPs Hail Tough EU Stance on Broadband Price Cuts: Europe's Internet service providers (ISPs) are cheering a tough new European Commission proposal that would prod national telecom operators to cut wholesale charges for high-speed Internet access.
Japan may drop Windows to boost security: The Japanese government is contemplating to replace Microsoft Windows, used in much of its computer networks, with another operating system to bolster security. According to the local newspaper Asahi Shimbun, the planned move came in the wake of recent event of leakage of secure data from Japan's military network. Instead the government is looking the possibility of adopting open source programs like Linux.
Study: Surfing's up for mamas and papas: A study scheduled for release Monday from the Pew Internet & American Life Project found that parents with children living at home are more likely to use the Internet and are more excited about technology and its benefits than people who are not parents, making mothers and fathers an increasingly important market for technology businesses.
Three-year PC upgrade cycle is history: The three-year upgrade cycle for PCs is increasingly becoming a myth, according to market researcher Gartner. [...] Bottom line: The worldwide PC industry is on pace for PC shipments to reach 127.3 million units in 2002, an anemic 1.8 percent increase over 2001 shipments, said Gartner. So far, 2003 is shaping up to be a better year, but growth will still be about 7 percent--off the high double-digit pace of previous years. In Gartner's study, PCs are defined as desktops, notebooks and servers priced under $25,000.
An interview with Dr. Jakob Nielsen, usability expert Digital Web: What are the common problems of today? What past common problems have become scarce today? JN: Trust is a huge problem. Users are justifiably very cynical about their privacy and about the extent to which they can trust Web sites.
Tablet PC: First Impressions So, one day in, my verdict: I can't see ever buying a portable laptop that isn't a convertible - the benefits are too great for me. It's a Tablet PC, not a Pen PC, and not a Clamshell PC, and that's a win. While these are clearly still basically a version 1 or 2, they are still very useful.
Inventor of home satellite dish lived at the edge of the future: Henry Taylor Howard was a man for the 21st century. He was among the first to hear transmissions from Sputnik, created the first home satellite dish and led several experiments to explore the moon and planets. In addition to his engineering wizardry, he flew planes, sailed ships, launched companies and recently built a helicopter from a kit.
Sinal dos tempos? WorldCom's New Chief Passed Up No. 3 Job at Microsoft: Michael D. Capellas, a former president of Hewlett-Packard, had agreed to become the company's new chairman, chief executive and president. Until early Thursday, Mr. Capellas was considering a competing offer to become the No.3 executive at Microsoft, according to people close to the search process. Those people said that soon after Mr. Capellas was reported on Monday to be in the running for the WorldCom job, Microsoft approached Mr. Capellas with a lucrative offer to become its president and chief operating officer. In that position, Mr. Capellas would have reported to Bill Gates, Microsoft's chairman, and Steve Ballmer, Microsoft's chief executive.
Study: Chat rooms prime hunting sites for spammers For Bulk E-Mailer, Pestering Millions Offers Path to Profit FTC Charges Three Spammers, Settles With Four Others
Study Makes Less of Hack Threat: Despite the panting about "cyberterrorists," and despite the scare mongering about venomous hackers preying on fragile federal networks, attacks on government computer systems are declining worldwide, according to a recently released report.
Microsoft freebies turn India gov. against open-source: Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates had been handing out so many freebies to India's federal and state governments in the last three days that talk of open-source software had started annoying government officials. [...] [Richard] Stallman, who founded the Boston-based Free Software Foundation in 1985 to promote the development of freely distributed software, urged Indians to spurn free gifts from Microsoft and adopt free, open-source software. [...] “You should not make accusations against a company because it is successful,” countered Vivek Kulkarni, information secretary of Karnataka state, after Gates arrived in Bangalore and announced Wednesday that the state capital would be given free Web-building software to provide online information and services to city residents. “We are a poor country. We cannot develop operating systems and platforms on our own,” Kulkarni said. [...] “Proprietary software companies hand out free copies for the same reason that cigarette companies give sample packs to college kids -- to encourage addiction,” Stallman said during his Nov. 1 visit.
El PSOE exigirá al Gobierno la creación del nuevo dominio '.his': El Partido Socialista ha anunciado que el próximo martes defenderá en el Pleno del Senado la creación de un nuevo dominio, '.his', que pretende aglutinar a "todos los países, culturas y personas de lengua hispana como forma de aprovechar mejor su potencialidad"
Admitida a trámite la demanda de la AI contra Ya.com por las cláusulas de sus contratos de ADSL: El objetivo de la iniciativa es "clarificar los contratos, esclarecer las peticiones y llamar la atención sobre la situación del ADSL en España", afirmó Domingo. Asimismo, se quejó de que la actual situación, en la que las operadoras son "intermediarios" entre usuarios y Telefónica, "no es lógica, puesto que sólo las beneficia a ellas y estrangula el interés general". [lá como cá...]
Webs within Web boost searches: Internet search engines regularly use information about the text contained in pages and the links between pages to return relevant search results because the approach works reasonably well, but less is known about why these relationships exist. A researcher from the University of Iowa has expanded the utility of using text and links in search engines with a mathematical model that divides a large network like the Internet into small local Webs.
Congress Triples Spending for Cybersecurity: The U.S. House of Representatives unanimously approved a measure on Tuesday that would triple federal spending on a program to increase computer security research, sending it to the White House for final approval.
British Hacker Case Largest Ever Against U.S. Military: Gary McKinnon, 36, of London was indicted in federal courts in Virginia and New Jersey on Tuesday on eight counts of computer-related crimes. These included break-ins over 12 months at 92 separate U.S. military and NASA networks across 14 states, including two at the Pentagon. McKinnon also was accused of hacking the networks of six private companies and organizations. [...] McKinnon was charged in "the biggest hack of military computers ever, at least ever detected"
Dumb Divergence Targeting Tablet PCs: If you want to read about a dumb idea resulting from lack of coordination by sectors of the publishing industry, then this is your lucky day. Here goes: Imagine if you had to use the AOL browser to visit any newspaper's websites, but had to use Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 to visit any magazine's sites, but had to use Opera 6 to visit any broadcaster's sites, but had to use Netscape 6 to visit any e-commerce site. OK, that's far fetched, but something similar is really happening in regard to the new Tablet PCs
Her picture became a porn ad: “Don’t put your picture online” was a common warning in the early days of the Internet. Sound paranoid in the era of online dating? Don’t tell that to Laura, who 18 months ago put up an online personals ad for one month. Since then, her photo has been stolen and used in dozens of fake personals ads soliciting hard-core sex and pornography. “You have no control,” she said. “What’s hardest is you have no idea who’s seen it. What if someone really believes those things?”
New Zealand: 'Duty' of telecoms to assist snooping: The Telecommunications (Interception Capability) Bill, tabled in Parliament yesterday, will mean telephone and internet service providers will be legally obliged to ensure their systems are capable of isolating and intercepting suspect emails and mobile calls while still protecting the privacy of others.
Bill Gates says most of his inheritance will go to charity: Microsoft Corp. Chairman Bill Gates, the world's wealthiest man, said Tuesday he will pass a sizeable portion of his wealth to charity and not his three children. [...] But Gates added: "Certainly I'll make sure they are taken care of in a sense that they can live a very comfortable life."
Euro thought police criminalize impure speech on line: The Council of Europe has amended its cybercrime treaty to devise criminal penalties for those who dare to express unpopular ideas for public consumption with any manner of computer equipment. The measure specifically targets so-called 'racist and xenophobic material', and would apply to any controversial Web-site, or even a mean-spirited posting to a BBS or an e-mail newsletter.
Video games no longer child's play: Sony Australia's sales figures for the PlayStation 2 reveal that males aged between 18 and 40 make up 60 per cent of the lucrative computer game market. Games market analyst Phil Burnham said that men aged between 18 and 35 were the main market for game designers and manufacturers.
Maybe It Is the Magic Kingdom: Last week, Disney announced a modest milestone - its Internet properties are profitable. The company doesn't report the results of its Internet properties as a group, so Disney did not provide any profit figure when it reported fourth-quarter earnings. [...] What Disney learned and other companies are discovering is that it's best to abandon a one-size-fits-all approach to the Web.
New Web Portal Takes Aim at Yahoo: The businessmen who salvaged the Excite Network from one of the Internet's biggest bankruptcies are launching a new Web site targeted at disaffected Yahoo! users. "Yahoo! is Toast" is the theme of their aggressive new advertising campaign introducing MyWay.com, a new online portal that replicates many of Yahoo's popular features without ads, fees and intrusive privacy policies.
How to 0wn the Internet in Your Spare Time: The ability of attackers to rapidly gain control of vast numbers of Internet hosts poses an immense risk to the overall security of the Internet. Once subverted, these hosts can not only be used to launch massive denial of service floods, but also to steal or corrupt great quantities of sensitive information, and confuse and disrupt use of the network in more subtle ways. We present an analysis of the magnitude of the threat. Researchers predict worm that eats the Internet in 15 minutes
Bajar el precio del ADSL tendría un efecto "distorsionador" sobre la competencia, opina el Gobierno El Gobierno considera que "no cabe en principio" la adopción de medidas encaminadas a imponer precios finales para las conexiones a Internet mediante las líneas digitales asimétricas (ADSL) inferiores a los fijados actualmente por el mercado - 39 euros para usuarios y 24 euros para los mayoristas -, puesto que tendría un efecto "distorsionador del marco de competencia concebido para estos servicios".
[O problema da falta de banda larga:] Angry Janesville Man Barbecues Slow Modem: Janesville police responded to a smoke complaint around 1 a.m. Tuesday and found a man barbecuing his computer modem. The 39-year-old man told police the modem was operating too slowly, and he decided grilling it might make it dial up faster.
Antenas de telemóvel à margem da lei: O país tem 8467 antenas de telemóveis registadas pelo regulador das comunicações, mas as autarquias suspeitam que o total seja superior, a maior parte das quais ilegais. Antenna Safety Violations Costs ATT Wireless: AT&T Wireless Services would prefer to collect $117,000 from the Federal Communications Commission for voice or data services, but the carrier caught a fine of that sum for safety violations on some of its antenna structures. [...] The problems include failure to register, light, and paint antenna structures, and failure to post antenna structure registration numbers at the base of antenna structures.
Still a long way from fulfilling the Lisbon objective: Europe is not investing enough in knowledge: The Nordic countries (Denmark, Sweden and Finland) are in the lead, with investment levels and growth distinctly higher than in the USA. A second group, made up of Greece, Portugal and Ireland, has built up strong momentum which could see them catch up at a very rapid pace. By contrast, most European countries are around the European average (and, therefore, lagging behind the USA), while certain big countries like Italy or Spain urgently need to make an extra effort.
Comissão de dados faz recomendações... sobre a privacidade no local de trabalho. [ver: O tratamento de dados em centrais telefónicas, o controlo do e-mail e do acesso à Internet]
Cordless keyboard woes continue: The Stavanger men who discovered that data input on a cordless keyboard also appeared on a neighbor's computer - supposedly far out of range in another building - have had their equipment replaced. Nothing has changed, and the manufacturer is worried.
Microsoft calls 'foul' on OS vulnerability data: The report, a summary of which was released to the public by Mi2g, attributed 44% of the software vulnerabilities announced in the first 10 months of 2002 to Microsoft's Windows operating system and 19% to the open-source Linux operating system. By comparison, the company attributed only 1.9% to Apple Computer Inc.'s Mac OS.
Minister calls for new website to help cut unnecessary government spending: The outgoing Dutch Minister of Finance, Hans Hoogervorst, has come up with a novel idea to fight financial waste of government bodies. Mr. Hoogervorst has called on his ministry to set up a special website, where citizens can lodge complaints against wasteful government bureaucracy, and inefficient and ineffective working practices, and propose money saving measures.
Los europeos utilizan más los SMSs que el email: Los analistas de Gartner G2 aseguran que los celulares ofrecen ahora más del doble del alcance que tienen los PCs conectados a la Red en Europa, ya que hay más personas que utilizan los mensajes de texto (SMSs) de sus móviles que el email. El floreciente negocio de la telefonía móvil se ha ensombrecido en 2002 por las ingentes deudas en que han incurrido las telecos y las dudas y retrasos que rodean la tercera generación de móviles. Gartner G2 advierte que la industria continua obsesionada con el UMTS y ha olvidado al consumidor.
Honeypots: Tracking Hackers: What's interesting with honeypots is the fact that they began to be widely used only in the past 2 years or so. I think that the majority of the people heard about honeypots thanks to the Honeynet Project and Lance Spitzner, whose excellent "Know Your Enemy" whitepaper series became a sort of a bestseller among the security community. And now, the man that started it all has written a book about it. Available for download is chapter 4 entitled "The Value of Honeypots".
Three arrested in Ericsson spying scandal: Telecommunications group Ericsson was caught up in an international espionage scandal yesterday after Swedish security police arrested three people for allegedly handing over its secrets to a foreign power. [...] The Swedish authorities have refused to name either the foreign power it believes was involved or any of the three Swedes arrested - although it said the trio face serious charges of either espionage or industrial espionage. They said the investigation was at a sensitive stage and they could not release more information.
Génération Haut débit: En septembre 2002, 20 % des internautes connectés à leur domicile disposent d’une liaison Haut Débit (ADSL ou Câble). Cette proportion ne cesse de croître. Qui sont ces internautes? Quelles sont leurs attitudes et comportements?
One of key Net computers moved: Verisign takes defensive action after last month’s attack Experts have made an important change to the 13 computer servers that manage global Internet traffic, separating two of them to help better defend against the type of attack that occurred last month.
Microsoft launches Tablet PC: analysts have offered dim projections on early sales. Gartner says that portables running the Tablet PC operating system would account for a mere 1 percent - or about 425,000 units - of worldwide notebook shipments next year. Analyst IDC predicted U.S. shipments of 575,000 tablets out of an estimated 13 million notebooks. [aposto que se vão enganar, excepto pelo ainda elevado preço?... É o primeiro equipamento informático que se pode levar para a casa de banho para ler os jornais e tomar notas...] Can the Tablet PC Hit the Mainstream?: I don't see these first Tablets as mainstream products. Instead, I see them catching on with gadget freaks, people in business or college who deeply desire to take notes on a PC instead of paper, and those with large amounts of on-screen reading to do on a regular basis.
Europa quiere patentar el software: La propuesta, en teoría, pretende regularizar las patentes de programación que ya está concediendo la Oficina Europea de patentes (EPO, con sus siglas en inglés). “Las patentes tienen buena prensa”, reconoce Jesús M.González Barahona, profesor de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos de Madrid y coordinador de Proinnova. “Si en Europa no se da luz verde a las patentes, parece que no se quiere promover la innovación”. Sin embargo, normalizar la situación puede introducir al software en un peligroso campo de batalla.
windows1984.com: The aim of this website is to draw attention to issues, particularly those related to personal computer use, which threaten to bring us closer to the dystopian nightmare of George Orwell's novel 1984 - O Ano Que Ainda Não Acabou
MIT's Superarchive: Every year MIT researchers create at least 10,000 papers, data files, images, collections of field notes, and audio and video clips. [...] In September the Institute launched DSpace, a Web-based institutional repository where faculty and researchers can save their intellectual output and share it with their colleagues around the world and for centuries to come. The result of a two-year collaboration of the MIT Libraries and Hewlett-Packard, DSpace is built on open-source software and is available to anyone free of charge. But it’s even more important to note that many believe this groundbreaking effort will fundamentally change the way scholars disseminate their research findings.
Website contest to tempt teen girls: The UK Government is teaming up with the music industry in an attempt to entice young girls into technology. ITbeat is a nationwide initiative, designed to encourage girls aged 11- 15 to rethink their attitudes to careers in information technology.
Hacking syndicates threaten banking: The number of organized hacking syndicates targeting financial institutions around the world is growing at a disturbingly fast rate. And so is the number of banks willing to pay these high-tech extortionists hush money to protect their reputations, according to a security expert at The World Bank. Hackers stick California city with $30,000 phone bill: A number of calls were placed to the Philippines over a five-day period in July -- and they weren't made by city workers. AT&T investigators confirmed that hackers broke into the city's telephone system to make the bogus calls before they were detected and cut off.
Bill Gates Views What He's Sown in Libraries: Bill Gates predicted in 1995 that the Internet would help rural people stay put, in part because they would have the same advantages as city slickers in the virtual world. [...] There is scant evidence, for example, that the wiring of rural America has done anything to make Mr. Gates's prediction about population flight come true. The new computers may even be aiding the exodus from rural America, as people go online to find jobs far away.
Citing Security Risks, U. of California at Santa Barbara Bans Windows 2000 on Residential Network: In an effort to protect its residential computer network from worms, viruses, and other threats [...] The Microsoft Corporation, however, says the problems the Santa Barbara campus has experienced are more the result of the way its network is configured than of any flaws in the operating systems.
FTC: Where Spam Goes Off to Die [The Federal Trade Commission] now has the most complete spam database in the world, a collection of over 20 million missives containing the solutions to all human wants and woes. [...] The FTC now gets around 70,000 forwarded spams a day. Last year, they received about 40,000 pieces a day. Three years ago, that mailbox received about 4,000 missives daily, and in 1998 the entire year's take was fewer than 100 spams.
TV Linux Alliance is a consortium of technology suppliers to cable, satellite and telecommunication network operators who wish to support the deployment of Linux-based digital set-top boxes capable of interactive television applications and services.
Gaming Industry Serious Business: In-Stat/MDR estimated that the game console market reached revenues of nearly $7.4 billion in 2001 with 31.8 million units shipped, and Strategy Analytics predicts global shipments of 41.9 million units in 2002. Sony's PlayStation 2 (PS2) accounts for 63 percent of sales, followed by Nintendo's GameCube with 21 percent and Microsoft's XBox with 16 percent. By the end of 2002, 72 percent of global cumulative shipments will be PS2 systems, compared to 16 percent GameCube and 12 percent XBox.
The Worst Coders in Washington: American Open Technology Consortium has researched the sponsors of eight bad Internet laws and compiled a list of their most prolific campaign contributors. These laws were written and sponsored by a tiny handful of lawmakers, backed by a tiny handful of wealthy financiers. These bad coders and their backers have done more damage to computing, the Internet and freedom than all the virus authors, spammers and crackers combined.
Monday is busiest day on the NetAccording to the data, 15.34 percent of worldwide Internet traffic occurs on the first workday of the week. Tuesday is the second most popular day to go online with 15.16 percent of global Internet traffic. Around 14.57 percent of Net traffic occurs on Wednesday, while Thursday and Friday account for 14.57 percent and 14.43 percent respectively.
Non-English speakers dominant online: After English speakers, the next biggest language group online are Chinese speakers who comprise 10.8 percent of the world’s Internet users. [...] Portuguese speakers account for three percent of all Internet users
Govt. To Hide Identities Of Hacking Victims: Senior law enforcement officials assured technology executives Thursday that the government will increasingly work to keep secret the names of companies that become victims to major hacking crimes, along with any sensitive corporate disclosures that could prove embarrassing. The effort, described at a cybercrime conference in northern Virginia, is designed to encourage businesses to report such attacks and build public confidence in Internet security. Officials promised to use legal mechanisms, such as protective orders and sealed court filings, to shield corporate hacking victims from bad publicity.